FOUNDING FATHERS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (PICTURED)
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the elected head of government of the United States of America. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.
The President of the United States is considered one of the world’s most powerful people and that role includes being the commander-in-chief of the world’s most expensive military with the largest nuclear arsenal and leading the largest economy by real and nominal gross domestic product. The office of the president holds significant hard, and soft power, both in the United States and abroad.
Article II of the U.S. Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The power includes execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the Senate. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress, under extraordinary circumstances. The president also directs the foreign and domestic policy of the United States.
The president is indirectly elected by the people, through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States.
The Twenty-second Amendment, adopted in 1951, prohibits anyone from ever being elected to the presidency for a third full term. George Washington set the precedent, others followed suit thinking no man should have that power for life, but that was an unwritten rule and therefor Franklin Roosevelt was able to secure more than the standard two terms. In all, 43 individuals have served 44 presidencies (counting Cleveland’s two non-consecutive terms, separately) spanning 57 full four-year terms, counting the current President, Barack Obama.
Here are the 44 Presidents and a link to their timeline;
Presidents #1-10 (1752-1845) were the ones to set the bar. They broke from Great Britain and established the new nation and rules to follow. They played major roles in the Revolutionary War and War of 1812 .
- 1.George Washington; Independent
- 2. John Adams; Federalist
- 3. Thomas Jefferson; Democratic-Republican
- 4. James Madison; Democratic-Republican
- 5. James Monroe; Democratic-Republican
- 6. John Quincy Adams; Democratic-Republican
- 7. Andrew Jackson; Democrat
- 8. Martin Van Buren; Democrat
- 9. William Henry Harrison*; Whig
- 10. John Tyler; Whig
Presidents #11-20 (1845-1881) Dealt with the Mexican-American War, South secession and Civil War, as well as the reconstruction phases and fight for civil rights that came with those.
- 11. James K. Polk; Democrat
- 12. Zachary Taylor; Whig
- 13. Millard Filmore; Whig
- 14. Franklin Pierce; Democrat
- 15. James Buchanon; Democrat
- 16. Abraham Lincoln; Republican
- 17. Andrew Johnson; Democrat
- 18. Ulysses S. Grant; Republican
- 19. Rutherford B. Hayes; Republican
- 20. James A. Garfield; Republican
Presidents #21-30 (1881-1929) Established many civil reforms, delegated conservation of land, branched out the Federal Government, as well as improved foreign relations and dealt with the Great War; World War I.
- 21. Chester A. Arthur; Republican
- 22. Grover Cleveland; Democrat
- 23. Benjamin Harrison; Republican
- 24. Grover Cleveland; Democrat
- 25. William McKinley; Republican
- 26. Theodore Roosevelt; Republican
- 27. William H. Taft; Republican
- 28. Woodrow Wilson; Democrat
- 29. Warren G. Harding; Republican
- 30. Calvin Coolidge; Republican
Presidents #31-40 (1929-1989) dealt with the Great Depression, Prohibition, World War II, Vietnam war, and the Cold war.
- 31. Herbert Hoover; Republican
- 32. Franklin D. Roosevelt; Democrat
- 33. Harry Truman; Democrat
- 34. Dwight D. Eisenhower; Republican
- 35. John F. Kennedy; Democrat
- 36. Lyndon B. Johnson; Democrat
- 37. Richard M. Nixon; Republican
- 38. Gerald Ford; Republican
- 39. Jimmy Carter; Democrat
- 40. Ronald Reagan; Republican
Presidents #41-Present (1989-present) Dealt with the Middle East wars, War on Terror, and White House Scandals
- 41. George H. W. Bush; Republican
- 42. Bill Clinton; Democrat
- 43. George W. Bush; Republican
- 44. Barack Obama; Democrat
- 45. Donald Trump; Republican