Politics are the activities associated with the affairs and governance of a country, job, or any other area really. They are the total complex of relations between people living in society, so we deal with politics every day in our workplace, country, and for some, even at home. It tends to be enforced by an authority of some sort, such as a board of directors for a school, company or union, state and country legislators, a sports committee, by head of household and even by the military capacity of a nation.
There are really two types of politics; formal and informal. Formal politics tend to be viewed outside yourself while still affecting your daily life because it refers to the operation of government and public institutions and procedures such as wars and other foreign and domestic affairs. Informal politics is pretty much everyday politics that we use to advance our goals and ideas at home or in the workplace where we exercise our influences over another Both types of politics are about exercising power and forming alliances with those of like mind.
The word “politics” stems from the Greek word “politika” which means “affairs of the cities” and was made famous by the great Greek philosopher Aristotle who penned the book “Politics”.
The history of politics is reflected in the origin, economics and development of state institution government. Since states were formed through the art of warfare, then historically speaking, all political communities owe their existence to successful warfare.
While state and government are predominant political organizations, there are also many non-governmental organizations or even international organizations such as the UN that fall more in line with global politics to help keep the peace around the world.
With politics, comes political parties and political corruption. Most countries out there have a multi-party system and with that, I would say all have some sort of political corruption to gain an edge. While the corruption varies by country pending what is legal or not, the universal problems tend to be extortion, cronyism, nepotism, patronage, and embezzlement.
Political parties and political values go hand in hand, where both are comprised of ideologies of the “left-right” mantra or the “authoritarian-libertarian” one. For the “left-right” there is a left wing branch that tends to stand by reform and egalitarianism while the right wing branch tends to stand for traditional values and social stratification. The “authoritarian-libertarian” viewpoint speaks more on the amount of individual freedom one possesses. Authoritarian form is pretty much group goals and expectations holding more precedence over the individual goals, while Libertarian form is all about the individual sovereignty. Technically speaking, libertarian is the anarchist standing against state political control, while authoritarian is the totalitarian that supports full state control over all aspects of society.
In the U.S., the current, main political parties consist of Democrat, Republican, Independent, Libertarian, and Green. Parties of the past include Federalist, Anti-Federalist, Democratic-Republican, and Whig.
How or why do people choose party affiliation? Is it the principle of the party, or are we just raised that way? One thing for sure is we are not born to a political affiliation, it seems to be acquired as we pursue adulthood. Me personally, I don’t see how anyone can pick a side, it’s like picking which head of a hydra will eat you, parties are more alike than different in my eyes, besides the fundamental difference they have in the role of government; Democrats want big federal government controlling the law of the land and work on society as a whole while Republicans want federal government to take a seat to the states and work on the individual rights and responsibilities of each citizen. Both sides flip flop on a regular basis on most issues so its hard for me to tell which ones to believe, which is why I stay Independent (not the political party, Independent party is an oxymoron to me).
The first thing to understand is that there are ignorant people in both parties. There are plenty of idiot Democrats as there are idiot Republicans because you will find people who are more occupied with regurgitating the party line and those people have a lack of any significant value for civilization moving forward.
As far as parties, one huge issue is super-delegates, which are unpledged delegates to mainly the Democratic National Convention and they consist of elected officials, party activists and other high ranking officials with no limit per state. Lets look at Arizona Democratic party, which has eighty-five delegates and ten superdelegates, when you break down the math there are about a million registered democrat voters, and they are heard by the 85 delegates in the primaries who primarily vote along their lines, the superdelegates can vote for whomever they want, tipping the scales. That is roughly twelve-thousand voters equal to one superdelegate and that is just not right. On the other side, Republicans have their own superdelegates but they are regulated to at the most, three per state and are required to vote along with the majority on their end.
Personally, I think everyone should leave the Republicans and Democrats, and vote conscientiously on the individual candidate, not by party affiliation. If a large percentage dropped their parties, that would shake up the party system and maybe bring on some new life.
FOUNDING FATHERS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (PICTURED)
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the elected head of government of the United States of America. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.
The President of the United States is considered one of the world’s most powerful people and that role includes being the commander-in-chief of the world’s most expensive military with the largest nuclear arsenal and leading the largest economy by real and nominal gross domestic product. The office of the president holds significant hard, and soft power, both in the United States and abroad.
Article II of the U.S. Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The power includes execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the Senate. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress, under extraordinary circumstances. The president also directs the foreign and domestic policy of the United States.
The president is indirectly elected by the people, through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States.
The Twenty-second Amendment, adopted in 1951, prohibits anyone from ever being elected to the presidency for a third full term. George Washington set the precedent, others followed suit thinking no man should have that power for life, but that was an unwritten rule and therefor Franklin Roosevelt was able to secure more than the standard two terms. In all, 43 individuals have served 44 presidencies (counting Cleveland’s two non-consecutive terms, separately) spanning 57 full four-year terms, counting the current President, Barack Obama.
Here are the 44 Presidents and a link to their timeline;
Presidents #1-10 (1752-1845) were the ones to set the bar. They broke from Great Britain and established the new nation and rules to follow. They played major roles in the Revolutionary War and War of 1812 .
- 1.George Washington; Independent
- 2. John Adams; Federalist
- 3. Thomas Jefferson; Democratic-Republican
- 4. James Madison; Democratic-Republican
- 5. James Monroe; Democratic-Republican
- 6. John Quincy Adams; Democratic-Republican
- 7. Andrew Jackson; Democrat
- 8. Martin Van Buren; Democrat
- 9. William Henry Harrison*; Whig
- 10. John Tyler; Whig
Presidents #11-20 (1845-1881) Dealt with the Mexican-American War, South secession and Civil War, as well as the reconstruction phases and fight for civil rights that came with those.
- 11. James K. Polk; Democrat
- 12. Zachary Taylor; Whig
- 13. Millard Filmore; Whig
- 14. Franklin Pierce; Democrat
- 15. James Buchanon; Democrat
- 16. Abraham Lincoln; Republican
- 17. Andrew Johnson; Democrat
- 18. Ulysses S. Grant; Republican
- 19. Rutherford B. Hayes; Republican
- 20. James A. Garfield; Republican
Presidents #21-30 (1881-1929) Established many civil reforms, delegated conservation of land, branched out the Federal Government, as well as improved foreign relations and dealt with the Great War; World War I.
- 21. Chester A. Arthur; Republican
- 22. Grover Cleveland; Democrat
- 23. Benjamin Harrison; Republican
- 24. Grover Cleveland; Democrat
- 25. William McKinley; Republican
- 26. Theodore Roosevelt; Republican
- 27. William H. Taft; Republican
- 28. Woodrow Wilson; Democrat
- 29. Warren G. Harding; Republican
- 30. Calvin Coolidge; Republican
Presidents #31-40 (1929-1989) dealt with the Great Depression, Prohibition, World War II, Vietnam war, and the Cold war.
- 31. Herbert Hoover; Republican
- 32. Franklin D. Roosevelt; Democrat
- 33. Harry Truman; Democrat
- 34. Dwight D. Eisenhower; Republican
- 35. John F. Kennedy; Democrat
- 36. Lyndon B. Johnson; Democrat
- 37. Richard M. Nixon; Republican
- 38. Gerald Ford; Republican
- 39. Jimmy Carter; Democrat
- 40. Ronald Reagan; Republican
Presidents #41-Present (1989-present) Dealt with the Middle East wars, War on Terror, and White House Scandals
- 41. George H. W. Bush; Republican
- 42. Bill Clinton; Democrat
- 43. George W. Bush; Republican
- 44. Barack Obama; Democrat
- 45. Donald Trump; Republican